In POSHAN Abhiyaan, the word POSHAN stands for “Prime Minister’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nourishment”. Poshan Abhiyaan was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi from Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan in March 2018. Remember that Poshan Abhiyaan is also called as National Nutrition Mission. Poshan Abhiyaan is a multi-ministerial convergence mission with the vision to ensure attainment of malnutrition free India by 2022. The objective of POSHAN Abhiyaan to reduce stunting (which prevents from growing and developing properly) in identified Districts of India with the highest malnutrition burden by improving the utilization of key Anganwadi Services and improving the quality of Anganwadi Services delivery. Its aim to ensure holistic (complete) development and adequate nutrition for pregnant women, mothers and children.
Implemented through ___?
POSHAN Abhiyaan will be implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development in 315 Districts in the first year, 235 Districts in the second year and remaining districts will be covered in the third year.
There are a number of schemes directly or indirectly affecting the nutritional status of children (0-6 year’s age) and pregnant women and lactating mothers. Despite these, level of malnutrition and related problems in the country is high. There is no dearth of schemes but lack of creating synergy (interaction or cooperation between the organizations) and linking the schemes with each other to achieve a common goal. POSHAN Abhiyaan through robust convergence mechanism and other components would strive to create the synergy.
Key features of Poshan Abhiyaan
- As an apex body, it will monitor, supervise, fix targets and guide the nutrition-related interventions across the Ministries.
- In the Union Budget 2018-19, Rupees 9,046 crore has been allocated to National Nutrition Mission for a period of three years.
- It targets to reduce the level of under-nutrition and other related problems by ensuring the convergence of various nutrition-related schemes.
- Introduction of height measurement of children at the Anganwadi Centres (AWCs).
- To incentivise Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) for using IT-based tools.
- Its large component involves gradual scaling-up of interventions supported by on-going World Bank assisted Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Systems Strengthening and Nutrition Improvement Project (ISSNIP) to all districts in the country by 2022.
- Poshan Abhiyaan would strive to achieve a reduction in Stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25% by 2022 (Mission 25 by 2022). NFHS stands for National Family Health Survey.
- POSHAN Abhiyaan targets to reduce stunting, under-nutrition, anaemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively.
- Elimination of the registers used by Anganwadi Workers.
References: Ministry of Women & Child Development